Grit is one of the latest buzzwords in personality research, due in large part to the work of psychologist Angela Duckworth. In her book Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance, Duckworth argues that much of the success obtained by high achievers in life can be explained by a personality trait she calls grit, defined as a person’s perseverance and motivation to complete long-term goals.
The job market is filled with a diverse array of jobs suited for an equally diverse set of personalities. A sales associate probably won’t have the same personality as a software developer, nor should they. There are very few personality traits that are predictive of success across every type of position. However, extensive research has demonstrated that one personality trait is correlated with success in just about every job out there. That trait is Conscientiousness.
Integrity tests are one type of pre-hire personality test that seeks to determine how likely it is that a person may engage in counterproductive work behaviors, such as theft, fraud, or tardiness. Most personality tests measure a person’s traits and behavioral tendencies through a series of targeted questions, but the way in which different tests go about asking these questions can vary quite a bit.